Hepatitis Information

Hepatitis A:

Source of the virus:

Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) is found in the stool (feces) of persons with hepatitis A.

Transmission:

HAV is usually spread from person to person by putting something in the mouth (even though it may look clean) that has been contaminated with the stool of a person with hepatitis A.

Prevention:

Hepatitis A vaccine is the best protection.

Short-term protection against hepatitis A is available from immune globulin. It can be given before and within 2 weeks after coming in contact with HAV.

Always wash your hands with soap and water after using the bathroom, changing a diaper, and before preparing and eating food.

Hepatitis B:

Source of the virus:

Occurs when blood from an infected person enters the body of a person who is not infected.

Transmission:

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is spread through:

  • Having sex with an infected person without using a condom (the efficacy of latex condoms in preventing infection with HBV is unknown, but their proper use may reduce transmission),
  • By sharing drugs, needles, or “works” when “shooting” drugs,
  • Through needle sticks or sharps exposures on the job,
  • Or from an infected mother to her baby during birth.

Prevention:

Hepatitis B vaccine is the best protection.

If you are having sex, but not with one steady partner, use latex condoms correctly and every time you have sex. The efficacy of latex condoms in preventing infection with HBV is unknown, but their proper use may reduce transmission.

Hepatitis C:

Source of the virus:

Occurs when blood from an infected person enters the body of a person who is not infected.

Transmission:

Hepatitis C (HCV) is spread through sharing needles or “works” when “shooting” drugs, through needle sticks or sharps exposures on the job, or from an infected mother to her baby during birth.

Prevention:

There is no vaccine to prevent Hepatitis C.

  • Do not shoot drugs; if you shoot drugs, stop and get into a treatment program; if you can’t stop, never share needles, syringes, water, or “works”, and get vaccinated against Hepatitis A & B.
  • Do not share personal care items that might have blood on them (razors, toothbrushes).
  • If you are a health care or public safety worker, always follow routine barrier precautions and safely handle needles and other sharps; get vaccinated against Hepatitis B.
  • Consider the risks if you are thinking about getting a tattoo or body piercing. You might get infected if the tools have someone else’s blood on them or if the artist or piercer does not follow good health practices.

For more information on hepatitis education and prevention, please visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/.

News and Events

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    The Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation, excitedly, welcomes Dr. Ravi Grivois-Shah as its new Chief Executive Officer. He is scheduled to begin his new role as CEO on Monday, September 28, 2020. Dr. Ravi comes to SAAF after serving as Medical Director of Alvernon Family Medicine and the UA Mobile Health Program, which provides free medical […]

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  • SAAF’s Next CEO, June 25, 2020

    The SAAF Board of Directors is pleased to share with you that Dr. Ravi Grivois-Shah has been selected and hired to be the next Chief Executive Officer for SAAF.

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  • SAAF WINS BBB Torch Award in Nonprofit Ethics, May 14, 2019

    We are honored to be the recipient of the BBB Serving Southern Arizona’s Torch Award for Nonprofit Ethics! As a nonprofit and more specifically as an AIDS service organization and an LGBTQ+ serving organization, we hold ourselves accountable to our stakeholders: our clients, our donors, the taxpayers, our staff and volunteers, our community partners, our funders, and […]

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The mission of the Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation is to cultivate a healthy and stigma-free society through transformative action.